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雪山杜鹃 xueshandujuan(海绵杜鹃)
Synonyms:
Rhododendron glaucopeplum Balf. f. et Forrest
Rhododendron aganniphum Balf. F. et K. Ward var. glaucopeplum (I. B. Balfour et Forrest) T. L. Ming

被子植物门 Angiospermae
双子叶植物纲 Dicotyledoneae
合瓣花亚纲 Sympetalae
杜鹃花目 Ericales
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae
杜鹃属 Rhododendron
相关名称 Common Names
拉丁名
Rhododendron aganniphum Balf. F. et K. Ward
中文名
雪山杜鹃
拼音
xueshandujuan
别名
海绵杜鹃
异名
Rhododendron glaucopeplum Balf. f. et Forrest
Rhododendron aganniphum Balf. F. et K. Ward var. glaucopeplum (I. B. Balfour et Forrest) T. L. Ming
文献 Literature
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描述 Description

158. 雪山杜鹃(中国四川杜鹃花)海绵杜鹃(云南植物志、西藏植物志)

Rhododendron aganniphum Balf. f. et K. Ward in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 10: 80. 1917; Tagg in Stevenson, Spec. Rhodod. 673. 1930; Fang in Contr. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China, Bot. 14:53. 1939; Cullen et Chamb. in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 36: 119. 1978; Chamb. in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 39: 354. 1982, pro parte. 西藏植物志 3:618, 图245. 1-S. 1986;云南植物志4: 422. 1986; 中国四川杜鹃花127-129. 1986;青海木本植物志523, 图372. 1987.——R. glaucopeplum Balf. f. et Forrest in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 13: 46. 1920; Tagg in ibid. 678. 1930. ——R. aganniphum Balf. f. et K. Ward. var. glaucopeplum (Balf. f. et Forrest) T. L. Ming in Act. Bot. Yunn. 6:165. 1984; 云南植物志4: 424. 1986.

知识共享:署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 1994《中国植物志》第57(2)卷 208页 PDF

Shrubs, 1–4 m tall; young shoots glabrous. Petiole 8–15 mm, glabrous or with a few glands; leaf blade thickly leathery, oblong to elliptic-oblong, sometimes ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 4.5–12 × 2–6 cm; base rounded to subcordate; margin revolute; apex acute and apiculate; abaxial surface white to yellowish or pale brown, sometimes turning deep red-brown, with indumentum 1-, rarely 2-, layered, dense, compacted to spongy tomentose, sometimes splitting, with or without pellicle, hairs branched; adaxial surface slightly rugulose, glabrous. Inflorescence racemose-umbellate, 10–20-flowered; rachis ca. 5 mm, glabrous. Pedicel 0.8–1.5 cm, glabrous; calyx lobes 5, 1–1.5 mm, rounded, glabrous, margin ± ciliate; corolla funnel-campanulate or campanulate, white or pale pink, with many purplish red spots inside, 3–3.5 cm, lobes 5, slightly unequal; stamens 10, filaments sparsely puberulent near base; ovary 4–5 mm, glabrous; style ca. 2.3 cm, glabrous. Capsule cylindric, straight, 15–25 × 5–7 mm. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Sep–Oct.

Coniferous forests, forest margins, thickets, mountains, slopes; 2700–4700 m. S Qinghai, W Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW Yunnan.

This species hybridizes in the wild with both Rhododendron phaeochrysum and R. proteoides.

知识共享:署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 FOC Vol.14PDF
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