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髯花杜鹃 ranhuadujuan
Synonyms:
Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don var. haemonium (Balf. f. et R. E. Cooper) Cowan et Davidian
Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don var. album Davidian

被子植物门 Angiospermae
双子叶植物纲 Dicotyledoneae
合瓣花亚纲 Sympetalae
杜鹃花目 Ericales
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae
杜鹃属 Rhododendron
相关名称 Common Names
拉丁名
Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don
中文名
髯花杜鹃
拼音
ranhuadujuan
异名
Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don var. haemonium (Balf. f. et R. E. Cooper) Cowan et Davidian
Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don var. album Davidian
文献 Literature
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描述 Description
常绿灌木,高达1米;小枝短坚,略有疏短刚毛和鳞片;叶芽鳞早落。叶革质,倒卵状椭圆形,长2.5-3.2厘米,宽1.3-2厘米,顶端圆,有短尖头,上面略有疏鳞片,下面有极密的深黄棕色鳞片,二型,大的褐棕色,干而翘起成雪片状;叶柄长约5毫米,上面有鳞片。顶生花序近伞形,有花数朵;花梗长约4毫米,稍有鳞片;花粉红色;花萼发达,5深裂,裂片椭圆形,长约5毫米,边缘有细睫毛;花冠狭筒状,长1.8厘米,外面无鳞片,喉部有密柔毛;雄蕊6-8,内藏,无毛;子房有鳞片,4-5室,花柱光滑,短而相。蒴果长3毫米,包于宿存花萼内。 产西藏南部;锡金,尼泊尔也有。生于海拔4000米的山坡灌丛中。
中国高等植物图鉴

158. 髯花杜鹃(中国高等植物图鉴)

Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don in Mem. Wern. Soc. 3: 409. 1821; Hook. in Curtis Bot. Mag. 68: t. 3947. 1842; Bean, Trees and Shrubs, 2: 341. 1915; Balf. f. in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 9: 286. 1916, descr. ampl. ; Hutch. in Stevenson, Spec. Rhodod. 5. fig. a-f. 1930; Cowan et Davidian in R. H. S. Rhodod. Year Book, 2: 67. 1947; Hara, Fl. East. Himal. 236. 1966; 中国高等植物图鉴3: 73. 图4099. 1974; Cullen in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 39: 158. 1980; Davidian, Rhodod. Spec. 1: 51. 1982; 西藏植物志671. 图269, 1-3. 1986. ——R. haemonium Balf. f. et Cooper in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 9: 233. 1916.——R. anthopogon var. haemonium (Balf. f. et Cooper) Cowan et Davidian in R. H. S. Rhodod. Year Book, 2: 68. 1974.

常绿小灌木,高(30-)50-100(-150)厘米。常成匍匐状或平卧状。分枝细密而交错,疏具小刚毛,幼叶被棕褐色鳞片;叶芽鳞脱落。叶革质、芳香,倒卵状椭圆形或卵形,罕正圆形,长(1.5-)2.5-3.5(-4)厘米,宽1-1.6(-2.5)厘米,顶端圆钝,有短尖头,基部圆形,上面暗绿色,有光泽,常有疏鳞片,下面密被红褐色和深黄棕色鳞片,常重叠成2-3层;叶柄长3-8毫米,被鳞片。花序顶生,近伞形,有花4-6(-9)朵,花芽鳞宿存;花梗短,长2-4毫米,被鳞片;花萼发达,5深裂,裂片椭圆形或长圆形,长3-5(-6)毫米,被鳞片,边缘具密睫毛;花冠狭筒状漏斗形,长1.2-2厘米,粉红色或稍黄白色,外面光滑,无鳞片,花管长6-12毫米,内面密被髯毛,裂片开展;雄蕊(5)6-8(-10)枚,内藏于花管,花丝光滑;子房4-5室,长约1毫米,被鳞片,花柱短而粗,棍棒状,约与子房等长,光滑。蒴果卵球形,长3-5毫米,被鳞片,被包于宿存的花萼内。花期4-6月,果期7-8月。

产西藏南部。生于开阔的多石坡地、岩壁或高山桧灌丛中,海拔3 000-4 500(-5 000)米。不丹、锡金、尼泊尔、印度东北部、克什米尔地区也有分布。

叶芳香,在西藏寺院中常用作薰香;花可作药,当茶服,治气喘。

知识共享:署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 1999《中国植物志》第57(1)卷 179页 PDF

Small shrubs, often prostrate or decumbent, (0.3–)0.5–1 (–1.5) m tall; branchlets loose, intricate, scaly, sparsely setose; bud scales deciduous. Petiole 3–8 mm, scaly; leaf blade aromatic, obovate-elliptic, ovate, rarely orbicular, (1.5–)2.5–3.5 (–4) × 1–1.6(–2.5) cm; base rounded; apex obtuse or rounded, mucronate; abaxial surface scales overlapping, dark reddish brown and dark yellow-brown, arranged in 2–3 tiers, often those of the lowest tier darker than rest; adaxial surface dark green, shiny, usually sparsely scaly. Inflorescence 4–6(–9)-flowered. Pedicel 0.2–0.4 cm, scaly; calyx lobes 3–5(–6) mm, elliptic or oblong, persisting to enclose mature capsule, scaly, margin densely ciliate; corolla narrowly tubular-funnelform, pink, or yellowish white, tube 6–12 mm, outer surface not scaly; inner surface densely pilose; lobes spreading, 1.2–2 cm; stamens (5–)6–8(–10), included in corolla tube, filaments glabrous; ovary ca. 1 mm, scaly; style short, thick, straight, as long as ovary, glabrous. Capsule ovoid, 3–5 mm, scaly. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. Jul–Aug.

Thickets, open slopes, hillsides, cliff ledges; 3000–4500(–5000) m. S Xizang [Bhutan, N India, Nepal, Sikkim].

知识共享:署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 FOC Vol.14PDF
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