您所在的位置:FLPH首页 > Rhododendron delavayi Franch.
Rhododendron delavayi Franch.Search in PESearch in CVHSearch in IPNISearch in TropicosSearch in BHLSearch in PlantListSearch in EOLSearch in GBIF
马缨杜鹃 mayingdujuan(马缨花)
Synonyms:
Rhododendron pilovittatum I. B. Balfour et W. W. Sm.
Rhododendron arboreum Smith subdelavayi (Franch.) D. F. Chamb.

被子植物门 Angiospermae
双子叶植物纲 Dicotyledoneae
合瓣花亚纲 Sympetalae
杜鹃花目 Ericales
杜鹃花科 Ericaceae
杜鹃属 Rhododendron
相关名称 Common Names
拉丁名
Rhododendron delavayi Franch.
中文名
马缨杜鹃
拼音
mayingdujuan
别名
马缨花
异名
Rhododendron pilovittatum I. B. Balfour et W. W. Sm.
Rhododendron arboreum Smith subdelavayi (Franch.) D. F. Chamb.
文献 Literature
暂无内容
描述 Description
常绿灌木至小乔木,高可达12米;枝条粗坚,直立,初有丛卷毛。叶革质,簇生枝顶,矩圆状披针形,长8-15厘米,宽2.5-3厘米,两端急尖,成长后上面无毛,光绿色,下面有灰白色至淡棕色海绵状薄毡毛,中脉和侧脉上面凹入,下面隆起;叶柄长1-2厘米,后变无毛。顶生伞形花序紧密,有花10-20朵,有毛,苞片厚,椭圆形,有短尖头;花梗长约1厘米,有红棕色密毛;花萼小,长约2毫米,5裂,有绒毛和腺体;花冠钟状,深红色,长4-5厘米,肉质,基部有5个蜜腺囊;雄蕊10,花丝无毛;子房密生红棕色扁化毛,花柱无毛。蒴果圆柱形,长1.8厘米,有毛。 分布于云南、贵州;缅甸也有。生灌丛中。
中国高等植物图鉴

131.马缨杜鹃(中国高等植物图鉴)马缨花(植物名实图考)

Rhododendron delavayi Franch. in Bull. soc. Bot. France 33: 231. 1886; Forb. Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 26: 22. 1889; Hemsl. in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 133: t. 8137. 1907; Tagg in Stevenson, Spec. Rhodod. 17. 1930; Hand.- Mazz. Symb. Sin. 7: 780. 1936; Fang in Contr. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China Bot. 12: 17. 1939;中国高等植物图鉴3: 89. 图4131. 1974; T. L. Ming in Act. Bot. Yunn. 147. 1984.; 云南植物志4: 367. 1986.——R. pilovittatum Balf. f. et W. W. Smith Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 10: 134. 1917.——R. arboreum Smith subsp. delavayi (Franch.) Chamb. et Cullen et Chamb. in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 328. 1979; Chamb. in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb, 39:331. 1982.

知识共享:署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 1994《中国植物志》第57(2)卷 173页 PDF

Shrubs or trees, 1–7(–12) m tall; bark grayish, exfoliating into thin and small irregular flakes; young shoots stout, white-floccose, glabrescent. Winter buds ovoid, greenish, 6–7 mm, slightly tomentose. Petiole cylindric, 7–20 mm, glabrous; leaf blade leathery, long-lanceolate, 7–15 × 1–5 cm; base tapering; margin revolute; apex obtuse or acute; abaxial surface with indumentum 1-layered, spongy or somewhat agglutinated, whitish to fawn, glabrescent; adaxial surface light or dark green, ± rugose, glabrous at maturity, midrib very prominent abaxially, deeply grooved adaxially; lateral veins 14–20-paired, slightly raised abaxially, impressed adaxially; reticulate veins evident. Inflorescence spherical, umbellate, 10–20-flowered; rachis ca. 10 mm, densely rufous-tomentose. Pedicel stout, 0.8–1 cm, densely fawn-tomentose; calyx lobes 5, ca. 2 mm, triangular; corolla campanulate, fleshy, deep crimson to carmine, 3–5 × 3–4 cm, with 5 basal nectar pouches; lobes 5, ca. 1 × 1.3 cm, apex emarginate; stamens 10, unequal, 1.6–4 cm, filaments glabrous, anthers oblong, 2–2.8 mm; ovary conoid, ca. 8 mm, 10-locular, densely fawn-tomentose; style ca. 2.8 cm, glabrous or floccose to tip, stigma capitate. Capsule oblong, 18–20 × ca. 8 mm, blackish and roughened with the remains of the rusty tomentum. Fl. May, fr. Dec.

Mixed forests, evergreen broad-leaved forests, forest margins, thickets, hills, rocky slopes; 1200–3200 m. NW Guangxi, W Guizhou, SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam].

Rhododendron delavayi intergrades with R. arboreum in Bhutan and NE India.

知识共享:署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎 FOC Vol.14PDF
检索表 Identification Key
暂无内容
线条图 Illustration
照片 Photo
分布图 Map
Flora of Pan-Himalayas 《泛喜马拉雅植物志》官方网站 FLPH.org 京ICP备09059482号 我有话要说
技术支持 PPBC 中国植物图像库 2012-2-1更新